Table 1

Summary Table of Studies Reporting Return Rates.

Author

Country

Needles Distributed

Needles Returned

Return Rate


Alcabes et al. [28]

Poland/Soviet Union

1,576

670

43%

Barsdley et al. [40]

Canada

77,089

61,430

80%

Doherty et al. [5]

United States

70,574

68,376

97%

Donoghoe [41]

United Kingdom

52,535

42,864

82%

Grob [35]

Switzerland

10,244,369

9,219,932

90%

Gruer et al. [31]

United Kingdom

633,100

715,220

112%

Grund et al. [42]

The Netherlands

57,328

46,610

81%

Guydish et al. [24]

United States

4,239

2,593

61%

Hart et al. [43]

United Kingdom

107,400

82,931

77%

Hay & McKeganey [44]

Scotland

138,982

116,954

84%

Heimer et al. [36]

United States

80,300

56,210

70%

Honti & Ban [45]

Hungary

8,142

6,466

79%

Jacob & Stover [46]

Germany

21,150

20,907

99%

Kaplan et al. [29]

United States

30,429

30,429

100%

Keene & Stimson [47]

United Kingdom

78,813

63,228

80%

Ljunberg et al. [48]

Sweden

5,348

3,665

69%

Nigro et al. [30]

Sicily

376

56

15%

O'Keefe et al. [49]

United States

10,108

9,499

94%

Oliver* [33]

United States

100,000

102,000

102%

Paone et al. [50]

United States

20,083

13,646

68%

Quan et al. [51]

Vietnam

21,495

17,433

81%

Robles et al. [25]

Puerto Rico

146,323

58,529

40%

Sergeyev et al. [34]

Russia

31,020

31,764

102%

Stimson et al. [52]

United Kingdom

24,290

19,106

78%

Vlahov et al. [27]

United States

209

144

69%

Wolk et al. [32]

Australia

6,306

2,608

41%

Overall Results

11,971,584

10,793,270

90%


*Based upon an estimation provided by the author, rather than raw numbers.

Ksobiech Harm Reduction Journal 2004 1:2   doi:10.1186/1477-7517-1-2

Open Data